The EU has limited reserves of critical raw materials, most of which come from non-EU countries. This carries the risk of supply crises, which can have serious consequences for industry and the economy.
However, the EU has reserves of critical raw materials that can be used to produce modern technologies. There is also the potential to recycle these raw materials from end-of-life products. The future of raw material extraction in the EU is uncertain, but its recycling and reuse has great potential and can contribute to meeting the needs of EU industry.